Materialism Wikipedia

Historical materialism - Wikipedia.

Historical materialism provides a challenge to the view that historical process has come to a close and that capitalism is the end of history. Although Marx never brought together in one published work a systemic or comprehensive description of historical materialism, his key ideas are woven into variety of works from the 1840s onwards. [3].

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Materialism - Wikipedia.

Materialism is a form of philosophical monism which holds matter to be the fundamental substance in nature, and all things, including mental states and consciousness, are results of material interactions.According to philosophical materialism, mind and consciousness are by-products or epiphenomena of material processes (such as the biochemistry of the human brain ....

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Dialectical materialism - Wikipedia.

Dialectical materialism is a philosophy of science, history, and nature developed in Europe and based on the writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Marxist dialectics, as a materialist philosophy, emphasizes the importance of real-world conditions and the presence of contradictions within things, in relation to but not limited to class, labor, and socioeconomic ....

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唯物論 - Wikipedia.

???(????????: materialism ??: Materialismus )?????????????????????????????????????? ? ???????? ? ?????????(materialism)???????????????????????? ???????.

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Meridian (Chinese medicine) - Wikipedia.

The meridian system (simplified Chinese: ??; traditional Chinese: ??; pinyin: jingluo, also called channel network) is a concept in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Meridians are paths through which the life-energy known as "qi" (ch'i) flows.Meridians are not real anatomical structures: scientists have found no evidence that supports their existence..

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Speculative realism - Wikipedia.

Speculative realism is a movement in contemporary Continental-inspired philosophy (also known as post-Continental philosophy) that defines itself loosely in its stance of metaphysical realism against its interpretation of the dominant forms of post-Kantian philosophy (or what it terms "correlationism").. Speculative realism takes its name from a conference held at Goldsmiths ....

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Materialismo histórico - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre.

La <> o <> (terminos acunado por Friedrich Engels y el marxista ruso Gueorgui Plejanov), tambien abreviado como Hismat (en contraste al Diamat o materialismo dialectico) alude a las doctrinas y al marco conceptual creado por el filosofo Karl Marx y despues usado por Engels [1] y Plejanov para comprender la historia ....

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Materialismo filosófico - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre.

El materialismo filosofico es una corriente filosofica que afirma que todo es material, que no existe un mundo inteligible, es decir, que procede en Ideas sensibles tambien materiales (contrastese en terminos de Platon) y que el ser o porvenir humano se obtiene sujeto a tal devenir material.Ademas, se puede decir que es la oposicion al idealismo..

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Euthanasia - Wikipedia.

Euthanasia (from Greek: ????????? 'good death': ??, eu 'well, good' + ???????, thanatos 'death') is the practice of intentionally ending life to relieve pain and suffering.. Different countries have different euthanasia laws.The British House of Lords select committee on medical ethics defines euthanasia as "a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ....

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Thomas Nagel - Wikipedia.

Thomas Nagel (/ ' n eI g ?l /; born July 4, 1937) is an American philosopher.He is University Professor of Philosophy and Law, Emeritus, at New York University, where he taught from 1980 to 2016. His main areas of philosophical interest are legal philosophy, political philosophy, and ethics.. Nagel is known for his critique of material reductionist accounts of the mind, particularly ....

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Physicalism - Wikipedia.

Definition of physicalism. The word "physicalism" was introduced into philosophy in the 1930s by Otto Neurath and Rudolf Carnap.. The use of "physical" in physicalism is a philosophical concept and can be distinguished from alternative definitions found in the literature (e.g. Karl Popper defined a physical proposition to be one which can at least in theory be denied by ....

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Art history - Wikipedia.

Art history is the study of aesthetic objects and visual expression in historical and stylistic context. Traditionally, the discipline of art history emphasized painting, drawing, sculpture, architecture, ceramics and decorative arts, yet today, art history examines broader aspects of visual culture, including the various visual and conceptual outcomes related to an ever ....

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Genealogy - Wikipedia.

Genealogy (from Ancient Greek ?????????? (genealogia) 'the making of a pedigree') is the study of families, family history, and the tracing of their lineages.Genealogists use oral interviews, historical records, genetic analysis, and other records to obtain information about a family and to demonstrate kinship and pedigrees of its members. . The results are often displayed in charts ....

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Epistemology - Wikipedia.

Epistemology (/ I ? p I s t ? ' m ? l ? d? i / (); from Ancient Greek ??????u? (episteme) 'knowledge', and -logy), or the theory of knowledge, is the branch of philosophy concerned with knowledge.Epistemologists study the nature, origin, and scope of knowledge, epistemic justification, the rationality of belief, and various related issues.. Epistemology is considered a ....

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Cogito, ergo sum - Wikipedia.

The Latin cogito, ergo sum, usually translated into English as "I think, therefore I am", is the "first principle" of Rene Descartes's philosophy. He originally published it in French as je pense, donc je suis in his 1637 Discourse on the Method, so as to reach a wider audience than Latin would have allowed. It later appeared in Latin in his Principles of Philosophy, and a similar phrase also ....

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Giorgio Vasari - Wikipedia.

Giorgio Vasari (/ v ? ' s ?:r i /, also US: /-' z ?:r-, v ?: ' z ?:r i /, Italian: ['d?ord?o va'za:ri]; 30 July 1511 - 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter, architect, engineer, writer, and historian, best known for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing, and the basis for ....

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Yoga - Wikipedia.

Yoga (/ ' j o? g ? / (); Sanskrit: ???, lit. 'yoke' or 'union' pronounced ) is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India and aim to control (yoke) and still the mind, recognizing a detached witness-consciousness untouched by the mind and mundane suffering ().There is a wide variety of schools of yoga, practices, and goals in ....

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Axel Honneth - Wikipedia.

Axel Honneth (/ ' h ? n I t,-e t /; German: [aksl 'h?net]; born 18 July 1949) is a German philosopher who is the Professor for Social Philosophy at Goethe University Frankfurt and the Jack B. Weinstein Professor of the Humanities in the department of philosophy at Columbia University. He was also director of the Institut fur Sozialforschung (Institute for Social ....

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Materialisme (filosofie) - Wikipedia.

Geschiedenis Oudheid. De eerste materialistische scholen ontstonden in het oude India en Griekenland. De atheistisch-Indische school Charvaka is rond 600 v.Chr. opgekomen. In de Griekse filosofie waren Leucippus of zijn leerling Democritus de grondleggers van het materialisme, wat in die tijd atomisme inhield. De aanhangers van de filosofie van de Griek ....

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Philosophical zombie - Wikipedia.

A philosophical zombie or p-zombie argument is a thought experiment in philosophy of mind that imagines a hypothetical being that is physically identical to and indistinguishable from a normal person but does not have conscious experience, qualia, or sentience. For example, if a philosophical zombie were poked with a sharp object it would not inwardly feel any pain, yet ....

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Scientism - Wikipedia.

Scientism is the opinion that science and the scientific method are the best or only way to render truth about the world and reality.. While the term was defined originally to mean "methods and attitudes typical of or attributed to natural scientists", some scholars (and subsequently many others) also adopted it as a pejorative term with the meaning "an exaggerated trust in the ....

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Social conflict theory - Wikipedia.

Social conflict theory is a Marxist-based social theory which argues that individuals and groups (social classes) within society interact on the basis of conflict rather than consensus. Through various forms of conflict, groups will tend to attain differing amounts of material and non-material resources (e.g. the wealthy vs. the poor)..

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Baruch (de) Spinoza (24 November 1632 - 21 February 1677) was a Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Sephardic Jewish origin. One of the foremost exponents of 17th-century Rationalism and one of the early and seminal ....

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Materialism - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Materialism is the philosophical belief that the world is made of material, and that there are no other types of entity (things). Everything is composed of material. Things that are not made of material, such as consciousness, are the result of actions by material. In other words, matter is the only real substance..

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