Metaphysics Wikipedia

Metaphysics - Wikipedia.

Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that studies the fundamental nature of reality, the first principles of being, identity and change, space and time, causality, necessity, and possibility. It includes questions about the nature of consciousness and the relationship between mind and matter, between substance and attribute, and between potentiality and actuality..

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metaphysics.

Metaphysics (Aristotle) - Wikipedia.

Metaphysics (Greek: ?? u??? ?? ??????, "things after the ones about the natural world"; Latin: Metaphysica) is one of the principal works of Aristotle, in which he develops the doctrine that he refers to sometimes as Wisdom, sometimes as First Philosophy, and sometimes as Theology.It is one of the first major works of the branch of western philosophy known as metaphysics..

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metaphysics_(Aristotle).

Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals - Wikipedia.

Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785; German: Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten; also known as the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals, and the Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals) is the first of Immanuel Kant's mature works on moral philosophy and remains one of the most influential in the field..

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groundwork_of_the_Metaphysics_of_Morals.

Essence - Wikipedia.

Essence (Latin: essentia) is a polysemic term, used in philosophy and theology as a designation for the property or set of properties that make an entity or substance what it fundamentally is, and which it has by necessity, and without which it loses its identity.Essence is contrasted with accident: a property that the entity or substance has contingently, without which the substance ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Essence.

Philosophical realism - Wikipedia.

Philosophical realism is usually not treated as a position of its own but as a stance towards other subject matters. Realism about a certain kind of thing (like numbers or morality) is the thesis that this kind of thing has mind-independent existence, i.e. that it is not just a mere appearance in the eye of the beholder. This includes a number of positions within epistemology and metaphysics ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophical_realism.

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Alfred North Whitehead OM FRS FBA (15 February 1861 - 30 December 1947) was an English mathematician and philosopher.He is best known as the defining figure of the philosophical school known as process philosophy, which today ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_North_Whitehead.

Jacques Maritain - Wikipedia.

Metaphysics and epistemology. Maritain's philosophy is based on the view that metaphysics is prior to epistemology. Being is first apprehended implicitly in sense experience, and is known in two ways. First, being is known reflexively by abstraction from sense experience..

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques_Maritain.

Sciences Po - Wikipedia.

Sciences Po was established in February 1872 as the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques (ELSP) by a group of French intellectuals, politicians and businessmen led by Emile Boutmy, and including Hippolyte Taine, Ernest Renan, Albert Sorel and Paul Leroy Beaulieu.The creation of the school was in response to widespread fears that the inadequacy of the French political and ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sciences_Po.

Property (philosophy) - Wikipedia.

In logic and philosophy (especially metaphysics), a property is a characteristic of an object; a red object is said to have the property of redness.The property may be considered a form of object in its own right, able to possess other properties. A property, however, differs from individual objects in that it may be instantiated, and often in more than one object..

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Property_(philosophy).

Albertus Magnus - Wikipedia.

Albertus Magnus OP (c. 1200 - 15 November 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great or Albert of Cologne, was a German Dominican friar, philosopher, scientist, and bishop.Later canonised as a Catholic saint, he was known during his lifetime as Doctor universalis and Doctor expertus and, late in his life, the sobriquet Magnus was appended to his name. ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albertus_Magnus.

Transcendental idealism - Wikipedia.

Transcendental idealism is a philosophical system founded by German philosopher Immanuel Kant in the 18th century. Kant's epistemological program is found throughout his Critique of Pure Reason (1781). By transcendental (a term that deserves special clarification) Kant means that his philosophical approach to knowledge transcends mere consideration of sensory evidence and ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcendental_idealism.

Categorical imperative - Wikipedia.

The categorical imperative (German: kategorischer Imperativ) is the central philosophical concept in the deontological moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant.Introduced in Kant's 1785 Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals, it is a way of evaluating motivations for action. It is best known in its original formulation: "Act only according to that maxim whereby you can, at the same time, will ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Categorical_imperative.

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - Wikipedia.

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (/ ' h eI g ?l /; German: ['ge:??k 'vIlhelm 'f?i:d?Ic 'he:gl]; 27 August 1770 - 14 November 1831) was a German philosopher.He is considered one of the most important figures in German idealism and one of the founding figures of Modern philosophy, with his influence extending to epistemology, logic, metaphysics, aesthetics, philosophy of ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georg_Wilhelm_Friedrich_Hegel.

Bible - Wikipedia.

The Bible (from Koine Greek ?? ??????, ta biblia, 'the books') is a collection of religious texts or scriptures sacred in Christianity, Judaism, Samaritanism, and many other religions.The Bible is an anthology--a compilation of texts of a variety of forms--originally written in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Koine Greek.These texts include instructions, stories, poetry, and prophecies ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bible.

Infant cognitive development - Wikipedia.

Infant cognitive development is the first stage of human cognitive development, in the youngest children.The academic field of infant cognitive development studies of how psychological processes involved in thinking and knowing develop in young children. Information is acquired in a number of ways including through sight, sound, touch, taste, smell and language, all of which ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infant_cognitive_development.

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz - Wikipedia.

Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (1 July 1646 [O.S. 21 June] - 14 November 1716) was a German polymath active as a mathematician, philosopher, scientist and diplomat.He is one of the most prominent figures in both the history of philosophy and the history of mathematics.He wrote works on philosophy, theology, ethics, politics, law, history and philology..

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gottfried_Wilhelm_Leibniz.

Joseph Needham - Wikipedia.

Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham CH FRS FBA (/ ' n i: d ? m /; 9 December 1900 - 24 March 1995) was a British biochemist, historian of science and sinologist known for his scientific research and writing on the history of Chinese science and technology, initiating publication of the multivolume Science and Civilisation in China.He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Needham.

Critique of Pure Reason - Wikipedia.

The Critique of Pure Reason (German: Kritik der reinen Vernunft; 1781; second edition 1787) is a book by the German philosopher Immanuel Kant, in which the author seeks to determine the limits and scope of metaphysics.Also referred to as Kant's "First Critique", it was followed by his Critique of Practical Reason (1788) and Critique of Judgment (1790)..

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critique_of_Pure_Reason.

Mahatma Gandhi - Wikipedia.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (/ ' g ?: n d i, ' g ae n d i /; GAHN-dee; 2 October 1869 - 30 January 1948), commonly known as Bapu, was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist and political ethicist who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India's independence from British rule, and to later inspire movements for civil rights and freedom ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_Gandhi.