Ontology Metaphysics Britannica

ontology | metaphysics | Britannica.

ontology, the philosophical study of being in general, or of what applies neutrally to everything that is real. It was called "first philosophy" by Aristotle in Book IV of his Metaphysics. The Latin term ontologia ("science of being") was felicitously invented by the German philosopher Jacob Lorhard (Lorhardus) and first appeared in his work Ogdoas Scholastica (1st ed.) in 1606..


Ontologia – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre.

Ontologia (do grego ontos "ente" e -logia, "discurso logico"; [1] [2] no conjunto, "ciencia do ser") e o ramo da filosofia que estuda conceitos como existencia, ser, devir e realidade. [3] [4] Inclui as questoes de como as entidades sao agrupadas em categorias basicas e quais dessas entidades existem no nivel mais fundamental.A ontologia e as vezes referida como a ciencia do ser e ....


Metaphysics - Wikipedia.

Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies concepts such as existence, being, becoming, and reality.It includes the questions of how entities are grouped into basic categories and which of these entities exist on the most fundamental level. Ontology is sometimes referred to as the science of being.It has been characterized as general metaphysics in contrast to special ....


Ontology - Wikipedia.

Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies concepts such as existence, being, becoming, and reality.It includes the questions of how entities are grouped into basic categories and which of these entities exist on the most fundamental level. Ontology is sometimes referred to as the science of being and belongs to the major branch of philosophy known as metaphysics..


Ontology Definition & Meaning - Merriam-Webster.

ontology: [noun] a branch of metaphysics concerned with the nature and relations of being..


Ontology Definition & Meaning | Dictionary.com.

Ontology definition, the branch of metaphysics that studies the nature of existence or being as such. See more..


Theory of forms - Wikipedia.

The theory of Forms or theory of Ideas is a philosophical theory, concept, or world-view, attributed to Plato, that the physical world is not as real or true as timeless, absolute, unchangeable ideas. According to this theory, ideas in this sense, often capitalized and translated as "Ideas" or "Forms", are the non-physical essences of all things, of which objects and matter ....


Ontologie – Wikipedia.

Begriff. Der Ausdruck Ontologie scheint in deutscher Sprache zum ersten Mal von Rudolf Goclenius (1547-1628) gebraucht worden zu sein. Ungefahr zur gleichen Zeit ist ein Beleg bei Jacob Lorhard (1561-1609), Professor in St. Gallen, Schweiz. Johann Georg Walch (1693-1775) definiert in seinem Werk Philosophisches Lexicon: ,,Ontologie bedeutet die Lehre vom Ende ....


Advaita Vedanta - Wikipedia.

Advaita Vedanta posits a substance ontology, an ontology which holds that underlying the change and impermanence of empirical reality is an unchanging and permanent absolute reality, ... Radhakrishnan metaphysics was grounded in Advaita Vedanta, but he reinterpreted Advaita Vedanta for contemporary needs and context. Gandhi declared his ....


Mysticism - Wikipedia.

Deriving from Neo-Platonism and Henosis, mysticism is popularly known as union with God or the Absolute. In the 13th century the term unio mystica came to be used to refer to the "spiritual marriage," the ecstasy, or rapture, that was experienced when prayer was used "to contemplate both God's omnipresence in the world and God in his essence." In the 19th century, under the ....


Essence - Wikipedia.

Essence (Latin: essentia) is a polysemic term, used in philosophy and theology as a designation for the property or set of properties that make an entity or substance what it fundamentally is, and which it has by necessity, and without which it loses its identity.Essence is contrasted with accident: a property that the entity or substance has contingently, without which the substance ....


Immanuel Kant | Biography, Philosophy, Books, & Facts | Britannica.

Immanuel Kant, (born April 22, 1724, Konigsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia]--died February 12, 1804, Konigsberg), German philosopher whose comprehensive and systematic work in epistemology (the theory of knowledge), ethics, and aesthetics greatly influenced all subsequent philosophy, especially the various schools of Kantianism and idealism. Kant was ....


Metaphysics Definition & Meaning - Merriam-Webster.

metaphysics: [noun, plural in form but singular in construction] a division of philosophy that is concerned with the fundamental nature of reality and being and that includes ontology, cosmology, and often epistemology. ontology 2. abstract philosophical studies : a study of what is outside objective experience..


Christian Wolff (philosopher) - Wikipedia.

Christian Wolff (less correctly Wolf, German: ; also known as Wolfius; ennobled as Christian Freiherr von Wolff in 1745; 24 January 1679 - 9 April 1754) was a German philosopher.Wolff was the most eminent German philosopher between Leibniz and Kant.His main achievement was a complete oeuvre on almost every scholarly subject of his time, displayed and unfolded ....


Existence (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Oct 10, 2012 . Existence raises deep and important problems in metaphysics, philosophy of language, and philosophical logic. Many of the issues can be organized around the following two questions: Is existence a property of individuals? and Assuming that existence is a property of individuals, are there individuals that lack it? What does it mean to ask if existence is a property?.



John Locke FRS (/ l ? k /; 29 August 1632 - 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism". ....


Parmenides - Wikipedia.

Parmenides of Elea (/ p ?:r ' m e n I d i: z ... ' e l i ? /; Greek: ???u?????? ? ???????; fl. late sixth or early fifth century BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Elea in Magna Graecia. Parmenides has been considered the founder of ontology or metaphysics and has influenced the whole history of Western philosophy. He was the founder of the Eleatic ....


Loka - Wikipedia.

Loka (Sanskrit: ???) is a concept in Indian religions, that means plane or realm of existence.In some philosophies it can also be interpreted as a mental state that one can experience. A primary concept in several Indian religons is the idea that different loka's are home to various divine beings, and one takes birth in such realms based on their good and bad merits..


Cosmos - Wikipedia.

Cosmology is the study of the cosmos, and in its broadest sense covers a variety of very different approaches: scientific, religious and philosophical. All cosmologies have in common an attempt to understand the implicit order within the whole of being. In this way, most religions and philosophical systems have a cosmology.. When cosmology is used without a qualifier, it often ....


Modal logic - Wikipedia.

Modal logic is a collection of formal systems developed to represent statements about necessity and possibility.It plays a major role in philosophy of language, epistemology, metaphysics, and natural language semantics.Modal logics extend other systems by adding unary operators and , representing possibility and necessity respectively.For instance the modal formula can be read ....


Martin Heidegger | Biography, Philosophy, Nazism, & Facts | Britannica.

Martin Heidegger, (born September 26, 1889, Messkirch, Schwarzwald, Germany--died May 26, 1976, Messkirch, West Germany), German philosopher, counted among the main exponents of existentialism. His groundbreaking work in ontology (the philosophical study of being, or existence) and metaphysics determined the course of 20th-century philosophy on the ....


What is axiology and how does it relate to ontology and epistemology?.

According to Encyclopaedia Britannica. Axiology, ... So in short, ontology, epistemology and axiology used to mean different things in different times of history according to how people generally perceived the world and regarded knowledge as being created. ... A paradigm is "a set of basic beliefs (or metaphysics) that deals with ultimates or ....


Pluralism (philosophy) - Wikipedia.

Pluralism is a term used in philosophy, meaning "doctrine of multiplicity," often used in opposition to monism ("doctrine of unity") and dualism ("doctrine of duality"). The term has different meanings in metaphysics, ontology, epistemology and logic.. In metaphysics, pluralism is the doctrine that--contrary to the assertions of monism and dualism--there are in fact many different ....


Islamic philosophy - Wikipedia.

Islamic philosophy is a development in philosophy that is characterised by coming from an Islamic tradition. Two terms traditionally used in the Islamic world are sometimes translated as philosophy--falsafa (literally: "philosophy"), which refers to philosophy as well as logic, mathematics, and physics; and Kalam (literally "speech"), which refers to a rationalist form of ....


VALUES Synonyms: 16 Synonyms & Antonyms for VALUES.

Find 16 ways to say VALUES, along with antonyms, related words, and example sentences at Thesaurus, the world's most trusted free thesaurus..


Paul Tillich - Wikipedia.

Paul Johannes Tillich (August 20, 1886 - October 22, 1965) was a German-American Christian existentialist philosopher, religious socialist, and Lutheran Protestant theologian who is widely regarded as one of the most influential theologians of the twentieth century. Tillich taught at a number of universities in Germany before immigrating to the United States in 1933, where he ....


Aristóteles – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre.

Aristoteles era natural de Estagira, na Tracia, [5] sendo filho de Nicomaco, amigo e medico pessoal do rei macedonio Amintas III, pai de Filipe II. [6] E provavel que o interesse de Aristoteles por biologia e fisiologia decorra da atividade medica exercida pelo pai e pelo tio, e que remontava ha dez geracoes.Segundo a compilacao bizantina Suda, Aristoteles era descendente de ....


Ontología - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre.

En filosofia del espiritu y ciencia cognitiva, el problema mente-cuerpo es el problema de explicar la relacion entre la mente (alma para algunos autores) y la materia: como es que estados mentales o subjetivos (ej. sensaciones, creencias, decisiones, recuerdos) explican a, interactuan con, o bien supervienen de las sustancias y procesos del mundo de objetos estudiado por la ....


Branches of Philosophy.

Jan 01, 2006 . Metaphysics deals with the so-called first principles of the natural order and "the ultimate generalizations available to the human intellect." Specifically, ontology seeks to indentify and establish the relationships between the categories, if any, of the types of existent things. What kinds of things exist?.