Original Position Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy

Original Position - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Feb 27, 1996 . The original position is a central feature of John Rawls's social contract account of ... "Original Position", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2008 Edition), Edward N. Zalta ... [This was the previous entry on the original position in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy -- see the version history.] Related Entries. ....

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Bertrand Russell - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Dec 07, 1995 . Attempts to sum up Russell's life have been numerous. One of the more famous comes from the Oxford philosopher A.J. Ayer.As Ayer writes, "The popular conception of a philosopher as one who combines universal learning with the direction of human conduct was more nearly satisfied by Bertrand Russell than by any other philosopher of our time" (1972a, ....

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Mill’s Moral and Political Philosophy - Stanford Encyclopedia ….

Oct 09, 2007 . John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) was the most famous and influential British philosopher of the nineteenth century. He was one of the last systematic philosophers, making significant contributions in logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ....

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Arthur Schopenhauer - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

May 12, 2003 . Arthur Schopenhauer was among the first 19 th century philosophers to contend that at its core, the universe is not a rational place. Inspired by Plato and Kant, both of whom regarded the world as being more amenable to reason, Schopenhauer developed their philosophies into an instinct-recognizing and ultimately ascetic outlook, emphasizing that in the ....

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Simone Weil - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Mar 10, 2018 . Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Menu . Browse. Table of Contents; ... The essay employs a Marxian method of analysis that pays attention to the oppressed, critiques her own position as an intellectual, privileges manual labor, and demands precise and unorthodox individual thinking that unites theory and practice against collective cliches ....

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Aristotle’s Rhetoric - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

May 02, 2002 . Aristotle's Rhetoric has had an unparalleled influence on the development of the art of rhetoric. In addition to Aristotle's disciples and followers, the so-called Peripatetic philosophers (see Fortenbaugh/Mirhady 1994), famous Roman teachers of rhetoric, such as Cicero and Quintilian, frequently used elements stemming from Aristotle's rhetorical theory..

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Teleological Arguments for God’s Existence - Stanford Encyclopedia ….

Jun 10, 2005 . Design Arguments for the Existence of God, by Kenneth Einar Himma (Seattle Pacific University), hosted by the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The Teleological Argument and the Anthropic Principle, by William Lane Craig (Talbot School of Theology), hosted by Leadership U. Anthropic-Principle, maintained by Nick Bostrom (Oxford University)..

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Freedom of Speech - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Nov 29, 2002 . This is the position staked out by Mill in the first two chapters of On Liberty and it is a good starting point for a discussion of free speech because it is hard to imagine a more liberal position. Liberals are usually willing to contemplate limiting speech once it can be demonstrated that it does invade the rights of others..

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Intentionality (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Aug 07, 2003 . Others, like Daniel Dennett (1971, 1978, 1987), who reject the distinction between original and derived intentionality, take a so-called 'instrumentalist' position. On their view, the intentional idiom fails to describe or explain any real phenomenon..

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Belief (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Aug 14, 2006 . The defense of physicalism was one of the driving forces in philosophy of mind in the period during which the most influential approaches to belief in contemporary analytic philosophy of mind were developed--the 1960s through the 1980s--and it was one of the principal reasons philosophers were interested in accounts of propositional attitudes ....

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John Stuart Mill - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Aug 25, 2016 . Bibliography Primary Sources. All citations of Mill are taken from The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, edited by John M. Robson (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1963-91), in 33 volumes, and are given by volume and page.. Secondary Sources. Bain, C., 1904, Autobiography, London: Longmans, Green and Co. ....

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Galileo Galilei (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Mar 04, 2005 . Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) has always played a key role in any history of science, as well as many histories of philosophy. He is a--if not the--central figure of the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century.His work in physics (or "natural philosophy"), astronomy, and the methodology of science still evoke debate after more than 400 years..

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Immanuel Kant - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

May 20, 2010 . This catapulted Fichte to fame, but soon he too moved away from Kant and developed an original position quite at odds with Kant's, which Kant finally repudiated publicly in 1799 (12:370-371). Yet while German philosophy moved on to assess and respond to Kant's legacy, Kant himself continued publishing important works in the 1790s..

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Scientific Discovery - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Mar 06, 2014 . Philosophy of science, by contrast, is exclusively concerned with the context of justification. The terms "context of discovery" and "context of justification" are often associated with Hans Reichenbach's work. Reichenbach's original conception of the context distinction is quite complex, however (Howard 2006; Richardson 2006)..

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Analogy and Analogical Reasoning - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Jun 25, 2013 . An analogy is a comparison between two objects, or systems of objects, that highlights respects in which they are thought to be similar.Analogical reasoning is any type of thinking that relies upon an analogy. An analogical argument is an explicit representation of a form of analogical reasoning that cites accepted similarities between two systems to support the ....

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Pragmatism - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Aug 16, 2008 . Pragmatism is a philosophical tradition that - very broadly - understands knowing the world as inseparable from agency within it. This general idea has attracted a remarkably rich and at times contrary range of interpretations, including: that all philosophical concepts should be tested via scientific experimentation, that a claim is true if and only if it is useful (relatedly: if a ....

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Naturalism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Feb 22, 2007 . 1. Ontological Naturalism 1.1 Making a Causal Difference. A central thought in ontological naturalism is that all spatiotemporal entities must be identical to or metaphysically constituted by physical [] entities. Many ontological naturalists thus adopt a physicalist attitude to mental, biological, social and other such "special" subject matters..

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Laozi (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Dec 15, 2001 . 1. The Laozi Story. The Shiji (Records of the Historian) by the Han dynasty (206 B.C.E.-220 C.E.) court scribe and historian Sima Qian (ca. 145-86 B.C.E.) offers a "biography" of Laozi. Its reliability has been questioned, but it provides a point of departure for reconstructing the Laozi story. Laozi was a native of Chu, according to the Shiji, a southern state in the Zhou ....

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Japanese Philosophy - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Apr 05, 2019 . Bibliography Works Cited General Sourcebook [JPS] Heisig, James W., Thomas P. Kasulis, and John C. Maraldo (eds.), 2011, Japanese Philosophy: A Sourcebook, Honolulu: University of Hawai'i. [Comprehensive coverage of the whole Japanese philosophical tradition; Contains relevant selections from all philosophers mentioned in this article and references to ....

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Donald Davidson - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

May 29, 1996 . While his first position was at Queen's College in New York, Davidson spent much of the early part of his career (1951-1967) at Stanford University. He subsequently held positions at Princeton (1967-1970), Rockefeller (1970-1976), and the ....

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Ontological Arguments - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Feb 08, 1996 . One characteristic feature of these arguments is the use which they make of "referential vocabulary"--names, definite descriptions, indefinite descriptions, quantified noun phrases, etc.--whose ontological commitments--for occurrences of this vocabulary in "referential position"--non-theists do not accept..

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Philosophy of Architecture - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Sep 09, 2015 . 1. Introduction 1.1 Architecture as Relatively Neglected by Philosophy. Over the course of Western philosophy, including the history of aesthetics, architecture has largely failed to attract sustained, detailed attention--particularly as compared with other artforms..

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Hannah Arendt (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Jul 27, 2006 . The second, The Human Condition, published in 1958, was an original philosophical study that investigated the fundamental categories of the vita activa (labor, work, action). In addition to these two important works, Arendt published a number of influential essays on topics such as the nature of revolution, freedom, authority, tradition and the ....

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Original position - Wikipedia.

The original position is a unique and irrevocable choice about all the most important social goods, and they do not know the probability they will become any particular member of society. ... 'Original Position' article at Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy; Choices of Principles of Distributive Justice in Experimental Groups This page was ....

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