Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society Wikipedia

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society - Wikipedia.

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society is a scientific journal published by the Royal Society.In its earliest days, it was a private venture of the Royal Society's secretary. It was established in 1665, making it the first journal in the world exclusively devoted to science, and therefore also the world's longest-running scientific journal. It became an official society ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophical_Transactions_of_the_Royal_Society.

Royal Society – Wikipedia.

Thomas Birch: The history of the Royal Society of London for improving of natural knowledge from its first rise, in which the most considerable of those papers communicated to the Society, which have hitherto not been published, are inserted as a supplement to the Philosophical Transactions. 4 Bande, A. Millar, London 1756-1757, Band 1 (1660 ....

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Society.

Royal Society of Edinburgh - Wikipedia.

Under the leadership of Prof. Robert Jameson, the Wernerians first founded Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society (1808-21) and then the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal (1822, Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal from late 1826), thereby diverting the output of the Royal Society's Transactions. Thus, for the first four decades of the ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Society_of_Edinburgh.

Royal Society - Wikipedia.

The Royal Society started from groups of physicians and natural philosophers, meeting at a variety of locations, including Gresham College in London. They were influenced by the "new science", as promoted by Francis Bacon in his New Atlantis, from approximately 1645 onwards.A group known as "Philosophical Society of Oxford" was run under a set of rules still retained by ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Society.

American Philosophical Society - Wikipedia.

The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 in Philadelphia, is a scholarly organization that promotes knowledge in the sciences and humanities through research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.Considered the first learned society in the United States, it has about 1,000 elected members, and by April ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Philosophical_Society.

Scientific racism - Wikipedia.

Scientific racism, sometimes termed biological racism, is the pseudoscientific belief that empirical evidence exists to support or justify racism (racial discrimination), racial inferiority, or racial superiority. Historically, scientific racism received credence throughout the scientific community, but it is no longer considered scientific..

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_racism.

Science in the Age of Enlightenment - Wikipedia.

At the beginning of the 18th century, the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, published by the Royal Society of London, was the only scientific periodical being published on a regular, quarterly basis. The Paris Academy of Sciences, formed in 1666, began publishing in volumes of memoirs rather than a quarterly journal, with periods ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_in_the_Age_of_Enlightenment.

Royal Medal - Wikipedia.

The Royal Medal, also known as The Queen's Medal and The King's Medal (depending on the gender of the monarch at the time of the award), is a silver-gilt medal, of which three are awarded each year by the Royal Society, two for "the most important contributions to the advancement of natural knowledge" and one for "distinguished contributions in the applied sciences", done ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Medal.

Culture - Wikipedia.

Culture (/ ' k ? l t? ?r /) is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior, institutions, and norms found in human societies, as well as the knowledge, beliefs, arts, laws, customs, capabilities, and habits of the individuals in these groups. Culture is often originated from or attributed to a specific region or location. Humans acquire culture through the learning ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture.

Royal Society - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre.

1662: Royal Charter da permiso para la publicacion. 1663: segundo Royal Charter. 1665. primer numero de Philosophical Transactions. 1666: el Gran incendio de Londres causa el traslado a Arundel House. 1710: compra su propia casa en Crane Court; Miembros famosos.

https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Society.

Royal Society - Wikipedia.

De Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, de Britse academie voor wetenschappen, ... Vanaf 1665 publiceert het de Philosophical Transactions, het oudste nog bestaande wetenschappelijk tijdschrift dat zonder onderbrekingen verschijnt sinds zijn ontstaan..

https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Society.

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John Locke FRS (/ l ? k /; 29 August 1632 - 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism". ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Locke.

James Prescott Joule — Wikipédia.

James Prescott Joule, ne le 24 decembre 1818 a Salford, pres de Manchester et mort le 11 octobre 1889 a Sale (Angleterre), est un physicien anglais.. Son etude sur la nature de la chaleur et sa decouverte de la relation avec le travail mecanique l'ont conduit a la theorie de la conservation de l'energie (la premiere loi de la thermodynamique).Il a egalement enonce une ....

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Prescott_Joule.

Royal Society — Wikipédia.

1665 : Premiere parution des Philosophical Transactions; 1666 : Le grand incendie de Londres oblige la Royal Society a demenager a Arundel House; 1669 : Troisieme charte royale ; la proposition de faire du Chelsea College (en) le siege de la Royal Society est rejetee pour construire a la place le Chelsea Hospital.

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Society.

Philosophy - Wikipedia.

Philosophy (from Greek: ?????????, philosophia, 'love of wisdom') is the systematized study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, reason, knowledge, values, mind, and language. Such questions are often posed as problems to be studied or resolved. Some sources claim the term was coined by Pythagoras (c. 570 - c. 495 BCE); others dispute this ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek - Wikipedia.

Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek FRS (/ ' ?: n t ? n i v ?: n ' l eI v ?n h u: k,-h ? k / AHN-t?-nee vahn LAY-v?n-hook, -huuk; Dutch: [?n'to:ni v?n 'le:u?(n)?huk] (); 24 October 1632 - 26 August 1723) was a Dutch businessman and scientist in the Golden Age of Dutch science and technology.A largely self-taught man in science, he is commonly known as "the Father of ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonie_van_Leeuwenhoek.

Invention of radio - Wikipedia.

Before the discovery of electromagnetic waves and the development of radio communication there were many wireless telegraph systems proposed and tested. In April 1872 William Henry Ward received U.S. Patent 126,356 for a wireless telegraphy system where he theorized that convection currents in the atmosphere could carry signals like a telegraph wire. A few months ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invention_of_radio.

Atomic theory - Wikipedia.

Atomic theory is the scientific theory that matter is composed of particles called atoms.Atomic theory traces its origins to an ancient philosophical tradition known as atomism.According to this idea, if one were to take a lump of matter and cut it into ever smaller pieces, one would eventually reach a point where the pieces could not be further cut into anything smaller..

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_theory.

Biosphere - Wikipedia.

The term "biosphere" was coined by geologist Eduard Suess in 1875, which he defined as the place on Earth's surface where life dwells.. While the concept has a geological origin, it is an indication of the effect of both Charles Darwin and Matthew F. Maury on the Earth sciences.The biosphere's ecological context comes from the 1920s (see Vladimir I. Vernadsky), preceding ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biosphere.

Ferdinand von Mueller - Wikipedia.

He was president of the Philosophical Institute in 1859 when it received a royal charter and became the Royal Society of Victoria. He was an active member of the society's "Exploration Committee" which established the Burke and Wills expedition of 1860. Mueller promoted the exploration of Australia, and as one of only two members of the ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_von_Mueller.

John Russell, 1st Earl Russell - Wikipedia.

John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, KG, GCMG, PC, FRS (18 August 1792 - 28 May 1878), known by his courtesy title Lord John Russell before 1861, was a British Whig and Liberal statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1846 to 1852 and again from 1865 to 1866.. The third son of the 6th Duke of Bedford, Russell was educated at Westminster School and ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Russell,_1st_Earl_Russell.

Alpha diversity - Wikipedia.

In ecology, alpha diversity (?-diversity) is the mean species diversity in a site at a local scale. The term was introduced by R. H. Whittaker together with the terms beta diversity (?-diversity) and gamma diversity (?-diversity). Whittaker's idea was that the total species diversity in a landscape (gamma diversity) is determined by two different things, the mean species diversity in sites ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alpha_diversity.

Demographic transition - Wikipedia.

The transition involves four stages, or possibly five. In stage one, pre-industrial society, death rates and birth rates are high and roughly in balance.All human populations are believed to have had this balance until the late 18th century, when this balance ended in Western Europe. In fact, growth rates were less than 0.05% at least since the Agricultural Revolution over 10,000 years ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographic_transition.

Antarctic lakes - Wikipedia.

There are hundreds of antarctic lakes in Antarctica. In 2018 researchers at the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research published a study they claimed cast doubt on the earlier estimate that there were almost 400 subglacial antarctic lakes. Antarctica also has some relatively small regions that are clear of ice and snow, and there are some surface lakes in ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_lakes.

Light-dependent reaction - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ….

In photosynthesis, a light-dependent reaction uses light energy from the sun to split water which has been taken in by the organism.Water, when split, gives oxygen, hydrogen, and electrons.These electrons move through structures in chloroplasts and, by chemiosmosis, make ATP.. The hydrogen is converted to NADPH, which is then used in the light-independent reactions..

https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Light-dependent_reaction.