Philosophy Of History Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy

Positive and Negative Liberty - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Feb 27, 2003 . The classic texts in the history of western political thought are divided over how these questions should be answered: theorists in the classical liberal tradition, like Benjamin Constant, Wilhelm von Humboldt, Herbert Spencer, and J.S. Mill, are typically classed as answering 'no' and therefore as defending a negative concept of political ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/liberty-positive-negative/.

Medieval Philosophy - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Aug 03, 2004 . This perhaps generous interpretation of the chronological limits of medieval philosophy implies that it lasted at least from the Greek patristic author Justin Martyr (mid-second century) until well into the fifteenth century--more than half ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/medieval-philosophy/.

The History of Utilitarianism - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Mar 27, 2009 . Utilitarianism is one of the most powerful and persuasive approaches to normative ethics in the history of philosophy. Though not fully articulated until the 19 th century, proto-utilitarian positions can be discerned throughout the history of ethical theory.. Though there are many varieties of the view discussed, utilitarianism is generally held to be the view that the ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/utilitarianism-history/.

Philosophy of Technology - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Feb 20, 2009 . In its development, humanities philosophy of technology continues to be influenced not so much by developments in philosophy (e.g., philosophy of science, philosophy of action, philosophy of mind) but by developments in the social sciences and humanities..

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/technology/.

Rationalism vs. Empiricism - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Aug 19, 2004 . The fact that philosophers can be both rationalists and empiricists has implications for the classification schemes often employed in the history of philosophy, especially the one traditionally used to describe the Early Modern Period of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries leading up to Kant..

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/rationalism-empiricism/.

The Philosophy of Childhood - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Sep 13, 2002 . The philosophy of childhood has recently come to be recognized as an area of inquiry analogous to the philosophy of science, the philosophy of history, the philosophy of religion, and the many other "philosophy of" subjects that are already considered legitimate areas of philosophical study..

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/childhood/.

al-Farabi’s Philosophy of Society and Religion (Stanford Encyclopedia ….

Jun 15, 2016 . Bibliography Primary Literature in English Translation. Al-Farabi, Attainment [of Happiness], in Alfarabi, 1962, Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle, trans. with an intro. by M. Mahdi, Glencoe, IL: Free Press, pp. 13-50 (revised ed. with a foreword by C.E. Butterworth and T.L. Pangle, Ithaca and New York: Cornell University Press, 2001, pp. 13-50; quotations in this entry are ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/al-farabi-soc-rel/.

Belief (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Aug 14, 2006 . The defense of physicalism was one of the driving forces in philosophy of mind in the period during which the most influential approaches to belief in contemporary analytic philosophy of mind were developed--the 1960s through the 1980s--and it was one of the principal reasons philosophers were interested in accounts of propositional attitudes ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/belief/.

Robert Nozick’s Political Philosophy - Stanford Encyclopedia of ....

Jun 22, 2014 . Robert Nozick (1938-2002) was a renowned American philosopher who first came to be widely known through his 1974 book, Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974), [] which won the National Book Award for Philosophy and Religion in 1975. Pressing further the anti-consequentialist aspects of John Rawls' A Theory of Justice, Nozick argued that respect for individual rights is the ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/nozick-political/.

Philosophy and the Tradition of Architectural Theory.

Yet the history of architecture suggests at least this distinctive value: theory over the ages offers a historical record of what architects have thought important to communicate to other architects (and perhaps to broader audiences), to best understand the practice and governing concepts of the discipline. ... The Stanford Encyclopedia of ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/architecture/tradition.html.

Galileo Galilei - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Mar 04, 2005 . Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) has always played a key role in any history of science, as well as many histories of philosophy. He is a--if not the--central figure of the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century.His work in physics (or "natural philosophy"), astronomy, and the methodology of science still evoke debate after more than 400 years..

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/galileo/.

Teleological Arguments for God’s Existence - Stanford Encyclopedia ….

Jun 10, 2005 . Design Arguments for the Existence of God, by Kenneth Einar Himma (Seattle Pacific University), hosted by the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The Teleological Argument and the Anthropic Principle, by William Lane Craig (Talbot School of Theology), hosted by Leadership U. Anthropic-Principle, maintained by Nick Bostrom (Oxford University)..

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/teleological-arguments/.

Seneca (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Oct 17, 2007 . On this account, the history of ancient philosophy is a history of decline, the Roman thinkers are mediocre imitators of their Greek predecessors, and so on (Long 2006; see Griffin 2018 for a collection of Griffin's work on politics and philosophy in Rome)..

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/seneca/.

John Stuart Mill - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

1. Life. John Stuart Mill was born on 20 May 1806 in Pentonville, then a northern suburb of London, to Harriet Barrow and James Mill. James Mill, a Scotsman, had been educated at Edinburgh University--taught by, amongst others, Dugald Stewart--and had moved to London in 1802, where he was to become a friend and prominent ally of Jeremy Bentham and the Philosophical Radicals..

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/mill/.

Time (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Nov 25, 2002 . Baker, Alan, 2004 [2016], "Simplicity", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2016 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), ... Knox, Eleanor, 2013, "Effective Spacetime Geometry", Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 44(3): ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/time/.

Scientific Discovery - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Mar 06, 2014 . As the previous sections have shown, the distinction among different features of scientific inquiry has a longer history, but in philosophy of science it became potent in the first half of the 20 th century. In the course of the ensuing discussions about scientific discovery, the distinction between the different features of scientific inquiry ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/scientific-discovery/.

Jean François Lyotard - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Sep 21, 2018 . Jean-Francois Lyotard (1924-1998) was a French philosopher whose best known work--often to his chagrin--was his 1979 The Postmodern Condition.Written at the request of the Council of Universities of the Provincial Government of Quebec on the state of knowledge in the contemporary world, this work brought the term "postmodernism", already in use in other fields, ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/lyotard/.

Moral Dilemmas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Apr 15, 2002 . 1. Examples. In Book I of Plato's Republic, Cephalus defines 'justice' as speaking the truth and paying one's debts.Socrates quickly refutes this account by suggesting that it would be wrong to repay certain debts--for example, to return a ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/moral-dilemmas/.

Naturalism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Feb 22, 2007 . We would do well to remember that intuitions arguably plays a role in science as well as philosophy. The history of science displays a number of important thought experiments, like Galileo's analysis of free fall, or the Einstein's argument against the completeness of quantum mechanics. ... The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2017 ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/naturalism/.

Alfred North Whitehead - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

May 21, 1996 . More detailed information about Whitehead's life can be found in the comprehensive two-volume biography A.N. Whitehead: The Man and His Work (1985, 1990) by Victor Lowe and J.B. Schneewind. Paul Schilpp's The Philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead (1941) also includes a short autobiographical essay, in addition to providing a comprehensive critical overview of ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/whitehead/.

Pragmatism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Aug 16, 2008 . Pragmatism is a philosophical tradition that - very broadly - understands knowing the world as inseparable from agency within it. This general idea has attracted a remarkably rich and at times contrary range of interpretations, including: that all philosophical concepts should be tested via scientific experimentation, that a claim is true if and only if it is useful (relatedly: if a ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pragmatism/.