Postpositivism Wikipedia

Postpositivism - Wikipedia.

Postpositivism or postempiricism is a metatheoretical stance that critiques and amends positivism and has impacted theories and practices across philosophy, social sciences, and various models of scientific inquiry.While positivists emphasize independence between the researcher and the researched person (or object), postpositivists argue that theories, ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postpositivism.

Inductivism - Wikipedia.

Inductivism is the traditional and still commonplace philosophy of scientific method to develop scientific theories. Inductivism aims to neutrally observe a domain, infer laws from examined cases--hence, inductive reasoning--and thus objectively discover the sole naturally true theory of the observed. Inductivism's basis is, in sum, "the idea that theories can be derived from, or ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inductivism.