Republicanism Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy

Positive and Negative Liberty - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Feb 27, 2003 . This conceptual uncertainty need not itself cast doubt on the distinctness and attractiveness of republicanism as a set of political prescriptions. Rather, what it leaves open is the question of the ultimate normative bases of those prescriptions: is 'non-domination' something that supervenes on certain configurations of negative freedom ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/liberty-positive-negative/.

Republicanism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Jun 19, 2006 . In political theory and philosophy, the term 'republicanism' is generally used in two different, but closely related, senses. In the first sense, republicanism refers to a loose tradition or family of writers in the history of western political thought, including especially: Machiavelli and his fifteenth-century Italian predecessors; the English republicans Milton, Harrington, Sidney, ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/republicanism/.

Niccolò Machiavelli - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Sep 13, 2005 . Finally, a new generation of so-called "neo-Roman" political theorists (such as Philip Pettit [1997], Quentin Skinner [1998] and Maurizio Viroli [1999 [2002]]) finds inspiration in Machiavelli's version of republicanism. Thus, Machiavelli deserves a place at the table in any comprehensive survey of political philosophy..

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/machiavelli/.

Jeremy Bentham - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Mar 17, 2015 . 1. Life and Writings. Jeremy Bentham was born on 15 February 1748 and died on 6 June 1832 in London. He was the elder son of an attorney, Jeremiah Bentham (1712-92) and his first wife, Alicia Whitehorn (d. 1759), and brother to Samuel (1757-1831), a ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/bentham/.

Business Ethics - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Nov 17, 2016 . ---, 2005, "Rawlsian Justice and Workplace Republicanism", ... [This was the previous entry on business ethics in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy -- see the version history.] A History of Business Ethics, by Richard T. De George (University of Kansas), ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-business/.

Thomas Jefferson - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Nov 17, 2015 . Jefferson's attempts at defining "republic" and his nine moral principles "proper for all conditions of society" shows that republicanism is a political philosophy. For Jefferson, republican governing is essentially progressive, and being government of and for the people, it aims at involving all citizens to their fullest capacity..

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/jefferson/.

Liberalism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Nov 28, 1996 . Liberalism is more than one thing. On any close examination, it seems to fracture into a range of related but sometimes competing visions. In this entry we focus on debates within the liberal tradition..

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/liberalism/.

Baron de Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat (Stanford Encyclopedia ....

Jul 18, 2003 . Keohane, Nannerl, 1980, Philosophy and the State in France: The Renaissance to the Enlightenment, Princeton: Princeton University Press. Krause, Sharon, 1999, "The Politics of Distinction and Disobedience: Honor and the Defense of Liberty in Montesquieu", Polity , ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/montesquieu/.

Aristotle’s Political Theory - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Jul 01, 1998 . This six-fold classification (which is doubtless adapted from Plato's Statesman 302c-d) sets the stage for Aristotle's inquiry into the best constitution, although it is modified in various ways throughout the Politics.For example, he observes that the dominant class in oligarchy (literally rule of the oligoi, i.e., few) is typically the wealthy, whereas in democracy ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-politics/.

Friedrich Schiller - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Apr 21, 2017 . Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805) is best known for his immense influence on German literature. In his relatively short life, he authored an extraordinary series of dramas, including The Robbers, Maria Stuart, and the trilogy Wallenstein.He was also a prodigious poet, composing perhaps most famously the "Ode to Joy" featured in the culmination of ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/schiller/.

Original Position - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Feb 27, 1996 . The original position is a central feature of John Rawls's social contract account of justice, "justice as fairness," set forth in A Theory of Justice (TJ). The original position is designed to be a fair and impartial point of view that is to be adopted in our reasoning about fundamental principles of justice..

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/original-position/.

Civic Education - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Dec 27, 2007 . In other words, they steered a middle course between pure classical liberalism and civic republicanism. For example, in his "Instructions for the conduct of a young Gentleman, as to religion and government," John Locke wrote that a gentleman's "proper calling is the service of his country, and so is most properly concerned in moral and ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/civic-education/.

Republicanism - Wikipedia.

Republicanism is a political ideology centered on citizenship in a state organized as a republic. ... America in Search of a Public Philosophy. ... Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry; Emergence of the Roman Republic: Parallel Lives by Plutarch, ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republicanism.

Paul Ricoeur - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Nov 11, 2002 . Bibliography Books by Ricoeur. Karl Jaspers et la philosophie de l'existence, written with Michel Dufrenne, Paris: Seuil, 1947.; Gabriel Marcel and Karl Jaspers: Philosophie du mystere et philosophie du paradoxe, Paris: Temps Present, 1947.; Philosophie de la volonte I. Le volontaire et l'involontaire, Paris: Seuil, 1950; translated as Freedom and Nature: The Voluntary ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ricoeur/.

Political philosophy - Wikipedia.

Political philosophy or political theory is the philosophical study of government, addressing questions about the nature, scope, and legitimacy of public agents and institutions and the relationships between them.Its topics include politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of laws by authority: what they are, if they are needed, what makes a government ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_philosophy.

Socialism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Jul 15, 2019 . Socialism is a rich tradition of political thought and practice, the history of which contains a vast number of views and theories, often differing in many of their conceptual, empirical, and normative commitments..

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/socialism/.

Citizenship (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Oct 13, 2006 . A citizen is a member of a political community who enjoys the rights and assumes the duties of membership. This broad definition is discernible, with minor variations, in the works of contemporary authors as well as in the entry "citoyen" in Diderot's and d'Alembert's Encyclopedie [1753]. [] Notwithstanding this common starting-point and certain shared ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/citizenship/.

Locke’s Political Philosophy - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Nov 09, 2005 . John Locke (1632-1704) is among the most influential political philosophers of the modern period. In the Two Treatises of Government, he defended the claim that men are by nature free and equal against claims that God had made all people naturally subject to a monarch.He argued that people have rights, such as the right to life, liberty, and property, that ....

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/locke-political/.

Ideology - Wikipedia.

An ideology is a set of beliefs or philosophies attributed to a person or group of persons, especially as held for reasons that are not purely epistemic, in which "practical elements are as prominent as theoretical ones." Formerly applied primarily to economic, political, or religious theories and policies, in a tradition going back to Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, more recent ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ideology.

French Revolution - Wikipedia.

The French Revolution (French: Revolution francaise [?ev?lysj? f??se:z]) was a period of radical political and societal change in France that began with the Estates General of 1789 and ended with the formation of the French Consulate in November 1799.Many of its ideas are considered fundamental principles of liberal democracy, while phrases like liberte, egalite, fraternite ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Revolution.

Arthur Schopenhauer - Wikipedia.

Arthur Schopenhauer (/ ' ? o? p ?n h a??r / SHOH-p?n-how-?r, German: ['a?t?? '?o:pmha??] (); 22 February 1788 - 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher.He is best known for his 1818 work The World as Will and Representation (expanded in 1844), which characterizes the phenomenal world as the product of a blind noumenal will. Building on the transcendental ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Schopenhauer.

University of Virginia - Wikipedia.

The University of Virginia (U.Va. or UVA) is a public research university in Charlottesville, Virginia, founded in 1819 by Thomas Jefferson.It is the flagship university of Virginia and home to the Academical Village, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. UVA is considered a Public Ivy, or a public institution which offers an academic experience similar to that of an Ivy League university..

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Virginia.

Philosophy - Wikipedia.

Philosophy (from Greek: ?????????, philosophia, 'love of wisdom') is the systematized study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, reason, knowledge, values, mind, and language. Such questions are often posed as problems to be studied or resolved. Some sources claim the term was coined by Pythagoras (c. 570 - c. 495 BCE); others dispute this ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy.

Social contract - Wikipedia.

In moral and political philosophy, the social contract is a theory or model that originated during the Age of Enlightenment and usually concerns the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual. Social contract arguments typically are that individuals have consented, either explicitly or tacitly, to surrender some of their freedoms and submit to the authority (of the ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_contract.

Pedro II of Brazil - Wikipedia.

Pedro was born at 02:30 on 2 December 1825 in the Palace of Sao Cristovao, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Named after St. Peter of Alcantara, his name in full was Pedro de Alcantara Joao Carlos Leopoldo Salvador Bibiano Francisco Xavier de Paula Leocadio Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga. Through his father, Emperor Dom Pedro I, he was a member of the Brazilian branch of the ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_II_of_Brazil.

Liberalism - Wikipedia.

Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on the rights of the individual, liberty, ... whereas it was well-established alongside republicanism in the United States. In Victorian Britain, it was used to critique the political establishment, ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberalism.