Sufi Metaphysics Wikipedia

Sufi metaphysics - Wikipedia.

Sufi metaphysics is centered on the concept of ???? wahdah "unity" or ????? tawhid.Two main Sufi philosophies prevail on this topic. Wahdat al-wujud literally means "the Unity of Existence" or "the Unity of Being." Wujud "existence, presence" here refers to God.On the other hand, wahdat ash-shuhud, meaning "Apparentism" or "Monotheism of Witness", holds that God and his ....

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Sufi music - Wikipedia.

Sufi music refers to the devotional music of the Sufis, inspired by the works of Sufi poets like Rumi, Hafiz, Bulleh Shah, Amir Khusrow, and Khwaja Ghulam Farid.. Qawwali is the best-known form of Sufi music and is most commonly found in the Sufi culture in South Asia. However, music is also central to the Sema ceremony of the whirling dervishes, which is set to a form of music ....

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History of Sufism - Wikipedia.

Early history. The exact origin of Sufism is disputed. Some sources state that Sufism is the inner dimensions of the teachings of Muhammad whereas others say that Sufism emerged during the Islamic Golden Age from about the eighth to tenth centuries. According to Ibn Khaldun Sufism was already practiced by the Sahaba, but with the spread of material tendencies, the term Sufi ....

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Al-Ahbash - Wikipedia.

The AICP was founded in the 1930s by Ahmad al-Ajuz and arrived in Lebanon in the 1950s, where "they blended Sunni and Shi'a theology with Sufi spiritualism into a doctrinal eclecticism that preached nonviolence and political quietism." The AICP remained without a leader until the 1980s when Abdullah al-Harari became the nominal head of the organization and was taken ....

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Nasreddin - Wikipedia.

Nasreddin (/ n ae s ' r e d I n /) or Nasreddin Hodja (1208-1285) (other variants include: Mullah Nasreddin Hooja, Mullah Nasruddin, Mullah Nasriddin, Khoja Nasriddin) was a Seljuk satirist, born in Hortu Village in Sivrihisar, Eskisehir Province, present-day Turkey and died in 13th century in Aksehir, near Konya, a capital of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum, in today's Turkey..

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Ontology - Wikipedia.

Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies concepts such as existence, being, becoming, and reality.It includes the questions of how entities are grouped into basic categories and which of these entities exist on the most fundamental level. Ontology is sometimes referred to as the science of being and belongs to the major branch of philosophy known as metaphysics..

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Meher Baba (born Merwan Sheriar Irani; 25 February 1894 - 31 January 1969) was an Indian spiritual master who said he was the Avatar, or God in human form, of the age. A major spiritual figure of the 20th century, he had a following of ....

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Pre-Socratic philosophy - Wikipedia.

The most important feature of pre-Socratic philosophy was the use of reason to explain the universe. The pre-Socratic philosophers shared the intuition that there was a single explanation that could explain both the plurality and the singularity of the whole - and that explanation would not be direct actions of the gods. The pre-Socratic philosophers rejected traditional ....

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Philosophical realism - Wikipedia.

Philosophical realism is usually not treated as a position of its own but as a stance towards other subject matters. Realism about a certain kind of thing (like numbers or morality) is the thesis that this kind of thing has mind-independent existence, i.e. that it is not just a mere appearance in the eye of the beholder. This includes a number of positions within epistemology and ....

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Naqshbandi - Wikipedia.

The Naqshbandi (Persian: ???????) is a major Sunni order of Sufism.Its name is derived from Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari.Naqshbandi masters trace their lineage to the Islamic prophet Muhammad through Abu Bakr, the first Caliph of Sunni Islam and Ali, the fourth Caliph of Sunni Islam. It is because of this dual lineage through Ali and Abu Bakr through the 6th Imam Jafar al ....

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Nasheed - Wikipedia.

A nasheed (Arabic: singular ???? nashid, plural ?????? anashid, meaning: "chants") is a work of vocal music, partially coincident with hymns, that is either sung a cappella or with instruments, according to a particular style or tradition within Islam.. Nasheeds are popular throughout the Islamic world. The material and lyrics of a nasheed usually make reference to Islamic beliefs ....

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Amir Khusrau - Wikipedia.

Abu'l Hasan Yamin ud-Din Khusrau (1253-1325 AD), better known as Amir Khusrau was an Indo-Persian Sufi singer, musician, poet and scholar who lived under the Delhi Sultanate.He is an iconic figure in the cultural history of the Indian subcontinent.He was a mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi, India.He wrote poetry primarily in Persian, but also in ....

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Qawwali - Wikipedia.

Definition. Qawl (Arabic: ???) is an "utterance (of the prophet)", Qawwal is someone who often repeats (sings) a Qaul, Qawwali is what a Qawwal sings.. Origins. Delhi's Sufi saint Amir Khusrow of the Chisti order of Sufis is credited with fusing the Persian, Arabic, Turkish, and Indian traditions in the late 13th century in India to create Qawwali as we know it today..

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Ali al-Hujwiri - Wikipedia.

Background. Ali Hujwiri was born in Ghazni, in present-day Afghanistan, in around 1009 to Uthman ibn Ali or Bu Ali.As is common with Sufi saints, he is a direct descendant of Muhammad through his father, who was a direct descendant of Al-Imam Hasan ibn Ali.His genealogical chain goes back eight generations to Ali. According to the autobiographical information recorded in ....

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5Rhythms - Wikipedia.

5Rhythms is a movement meditation practice devised by Gabrielle Roth in the late 1970s. It draws from indigenous and world traditions using tenets of shamanistic, ecstatic, mystical and eastern philosophy.It also draws from Gestalt therapy, the human potential movement and transpersonal psychology.Fundamental to the practice is the idea that everything is energy, ....

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Yunus Emre - Wikipedia.

Yunus Emre (Turkish pronunciation: [ju'nus em're]) also known as Dervis Yunus (Yunus the Dervish) (1238-1328) (Old Anatolian Turkish: ???? ????) was a Turkish folk poet and Islamic Sufi mystic who greatly influenced Turkish culture. His name, Yunus, is the Muslim equivalent to the English name Jonah.He wrote in Old Anatolian Turkish, an early stage of Turkish..

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Tijaniyyah - Wikipedia.

The Tijaniyyah (Arabic: ??????? ????????, romanized: Al-Tariqah al-Tijaniyyah, lit. 'The Tijani Path') is a Sufi tariqa (order, path), originating in the Maghreb but now more widespread in West Africa, particularly in Senegal, The Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Niger, Chad, Ghana, Northern and South-western Nigeria and some part of Sudan..

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Practical reason - Wikipedia.

Overview. Practical reason is understood by most philosophers as determining a plan of action. Thomistic ethics defines the first principle of practical reason as "good is to be done and pursued, and evil is to be avoided." For Kant, practical reason has a law-abiding quality because the categorical imperative is understood to be binding one to one's duty rather than subjective ....

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Afterlife - Wikipedia.

The Sufi Muslim scholar Ibn 'Arabi defined Barzakh as the intermediate realm or "isthmus". It is between the world of corporeal bodies and the world of spirits, and is a means of contact between the two worlds. ... Eschatology and Natural Philosophy," Review of Metaphysics 75 (4): 643-665. 2022. Death and Afterlife: Perspectives of World ....

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Western esotericism - Wikipedia.

Western esotericism, also known as esotericism, esoterism, and sometimes the Western mystery tradition, is a term scholars use to categorise a wide range of loosely related ideas and movements that developed within Western society.These ideas and currents are united since they are largely distinct both from orthodox Judeo-Christian religion and Enlightenment rationalism..

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Iblis - Wikipedia.

Iblis (Arabic: ?????, romanized: Iblis), alternatively known as Eblis, is the leader of the devils (shayatin) in Islamic mythology.According to the Quran, Iblis was thrown out of heaven, after he refused to prostrate himself before Adam.Regarding the origin and nature of Iblis, there are essentially two different viewpoints. In the first version, before Iblis was cast down ....

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