Time Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy

Time (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Nov 25, 2002 . This article contains a brief overview of some of the main topics in the philosophy of time--(1) fatalism; (2) reductionism and Platonism with respect to time; (3) the topology of time; (4) McTaggart's argument; (5) the A-theory and the B-theory; (6) presentism, eternalism, and the growing block theory; (7) the 3D/4D debate about persistence ....


Kant’s Views on Space and Time (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Sep 14, 2009 . Even a casual reader of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (Kritik der reinen Vernunft, first published in 1781) will notice the prominence he gives to his discussion of space and time.In tandem, scholars consider this discussion to be central to Kant's so-called critical philosophy. Given Kant's reputation for developing difficult, not to say obscure, philosophical views, it will ....


Time Machines (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Nov 25, 2004 . 1. Introduction: time travel vs. time machine. The topic of time machines is the subject of a sizable and growing physics literature, some of which has filtered down to popular and semi-popular presentations. [] The issues raised by this topic are largely oblique, if not orthogonal, to those treated in the philosophical literature on time travel. [].


Time Travel (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Nov 14, 2013 . The worry is that because time travel involves "a discrepancy between time and time", time travel scenarios are simply incoherent. The time traveller traverses thirty years in one year; she is 51 years old 21 years after her birth; she dies at the age of 90, 200 years before her birth; and so on..


Philosophy of space and time - Wikipedia.

Philosophy of space and time is the branch of philosophy concerned with the issues surrounding the ontology, epistemology, and character of space and time.While such ideas have been central to philosophy from its inception, the philosophy of space and time was both an inspiration for and a central aspect of early analytic philosophy.The subject focuses on a number of basic issues, ....


Deontological Ethics (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Nov 21, 2007 . A time-honored way of reconciling opposing theories is to allocate them to different jurisdictions. Tom Nagel's reconciliation of the two theories is a version of this, inasmuch as he allocates the agent-neutral reasons of consequentialism to our "objective" viewpoint, whereas the agent-relative reasons of deontology are seen as part of ....


Classical Logic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Sep 16, 2000 . Typically, a logic consists of a formal or informal language together with a deductive system and/or a model-theoretic semantics. The language has components that correspond to a part of a natural language like English or Greek. The deductive system is to capture, codify, or simply record arguments that are valid for the given language, and the semantics is to capture, ....


Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Jun 03, 2008 . Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-94) is, after Marsilio Ficino, the best known philosopher of the Renaissance: his Oration on the Dignity of Man is better known than any other philosophical text of the fifteenth century. Pico was also remarkably original--indeed, idiosyncratic..


Laws of Nature (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Apr 29, 2003 . Minkowski space-time, the space-time of Special Relativity, is a model of the field equations of General Relativity (in particular, it is a vacuum solution). So an empty Minkowski space-time is one way the world could be if it is governed by the laws of General Relativity..


Fatalism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Dec 18, 2002 . 1. Logical Fatalism: Aristotle's argument and the nature of truth. The classic argument for fatalism occurs in Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E.), De Interpretatione, chapter 9.He addresses the question of whether in relation to all questions it is necessary that the affirmation or the negation is true or false..


Donald Davidson (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

May 29, 1996 . By this time, however, the direction of Davidson's thinking had already, under Quine's influence, changed quite dramatically (the two having first met at Harvard in 1939-40) and he had begun to move away from the largely literary and historical concerns that had preoccupied him as an undergraduate towards a more strongly analytical ....


Ontological Arguments (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Feb 08, 1996 . A relatively recent addition to the genre is described in Grey 2000, though the date of its construction is uncertain. It is the work of Douglas Gasking, one-time Professor of Philosophy at the University of Melbourne (with emendations by William Grey and Denis Robinson): The creation of the world is the most marvellous achievement imaginable..


Confucius (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Mar 31, 2020 . Nevertheless, since Sima Qian's time, the biography of Confucius has been intimately linked with the interpretation of his philosophy, and so this section begins with a brief treatment of traditional tropes about his family background, official career, and teaching of 72 disciples, before turning to the dialogue and prose accounts upon which ....


Doctrine of Double Effect (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Jul 28, 2004 . 1. Formulations of the principle of double effect. Thomas Aquinas is credited with introducing the principle of double effect in his discussion of the permissibility of self-defense in the Summa Theologica (II-II, Qu. 64, Art.7). Killing one's assailant is justified, he argues, provided one does not intend to kill him..


Henry David Thoreau (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Jun 30, 2005 . Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) was an American philosopher, poet, and environmental scientist whose major work, Walden, draws upon each of these identities in meditating on the concrete problems of living in the world as a human being.He sought to revive a conception of philosophy as a way of life, not only a mode of reflective thought and discourse..


Pantheism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Oct 01, 2012 . The term 'pantheism' is a modern one, possibly first appearing in the writing of the Irish freethinker John Toland (1705) and constructed from the Greek roots pan (all) and theos (God). But if not the name, the ideas themselves are very ancient, and any survey of the history of philosophy will uncover numerous pantheist or pantheistically inclined thinkers; although it ....


Evolutionary Game Theory (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Jan 14, 2002 . 1. Historical Development. Evolutionary game theory was first developed by R. A. Fisher [see The Genetic Theory of Natural Selection (1930)] in his attempt to explain the approximate equality of the sex ratio in mammals. The puzzle Fisher faced was this: why is it that the sex ratio is approximately equal in many species where the majority of males never mate?.


Baron de Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat (Stanford Encyclopedia ….

Jul 18, 2003 . Keohane, Nannerl, 1980, Philosophy and the State in France: The Renaissance to the Enlightenment, Princeton: Princeton University Press. Krause, Sharon, 1999, "The Politics of Distinction and Disobedience: Honor and the Defense of Liberty in Montesquieu", Polity , ....


Qualia (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Aug 20, 1997 . The status of qualia is hotly debated in philosophy largely because it is central to a proper understanding of the nature of consciousness. Qualia are at the very heart of the mind-body problem. The entry that follows is divided into ten sections..


Saint Anselm (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

May 18, 2000 . Saint Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109) was the outstanding Christian philosopher and theologian of the eleventh century. He is best known for the celebrated "ontological argument" for the existence of God in the Proslogion, but his contributions to philosophical theology (and indeed to philosophy more generally) go well beyond the ontological argument..


Voluntary Euthanasia (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Apr 18, 1996 . The entry sets out five conditions often said to be necessary for anyone to be a candidate for legalized voluntary euthanasia (and, with appropriate qualifications, physician-assisted suicide), outlines the moral case advanced by those in favor of legalizing voluntary euthanasia, and discusses the five most important objections made by those who deny that ....