Western Philosophy Wikipedia

A History of Western Philosophy - Wikipedia.

A History of Western Philosophy is a 1945 book by the philosopher Bertrand Russell.A survey of Western philosophy from the pre-Socratic philosophers to the early 20th century, it was criticised for Russell's over-generalization and omissions, particularly from the post-Cartesian period, but nevertheless became a popular and commercial success, and has remained in print from its ....


Ancient philosophy - Wikipedia.

Overview. Genuine philosophical thought, depending upon original individual insights, arose in many cultures roughly contemporaneously. Karl Jaspers termed the intense period of philosophical development beginning around the 7th century and concluding around the 3rd century BCE an Axial Age in human thought.. In Western philosophy, the spread of Christianity ....


Perennial philosophy - Wikipedia.

The perennial philosophy (Latin: philosophia perennis), also referred to as perennialism and perennial wisdom, is a perspective in philosophy and spirituality that views all of the world's religious traditions as sharing a single, metaphysical truth or origin from which all esoteric and exoteric knowledge and doctrine has grown.. Perennialism has its roots in the Renaissance ....


Philosophy - Wikipedia.

Philosophy (from Greek: ?????????, philosophia, 'love of wisdom') is the systematized study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, reason, knowledge, values, mind, and language. Such questions are often posed as problems to be studied or resolved. Some sources claim the term was coined by Pythagoras (c. 570 - c. 495 BCE); others dispute this ....


Political philosophy - Wikipedia.

Political philosophy or political theory is the philosophical study of government, addressing questions about the nature, scope, and legitimacy of public agents and institutions and the relationships between them.Its topics include politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of laws by authority: what they are, if they are needed, what makes a government ....


Enlightenment in Buddhism - Wikipedia.

The English term enlightenment is the Western translation of various Buddhist terms, most notably bodhi and vimutti.The abstract noun bodhi (/ ' b o? d i /; Sanskrit: ????; Pali: bodhi), means the knowledge or wisdom, or awakened intellect, of a Buddha. The verbal root budh-means "to awaken," and its literal meaning is closer to awakening.Although the term buddhi is also used ....


Philosophy of physics - Wikipedia.

In philosophy, philosophy of physics deals with conceptual and interpretational issues in modern physics, many of which overlap with research done by certain kinds of theoretical physicists.Philosophy of physics can be broadly divided into three areas: interpretations of quantum mechanics: mainly concerning issues with how to formulate an adequate response to ....


Nobel Peace Prize - Wikipedia.

The Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee presents the Nobel Peace Prize in the presence of the King of Norway and the Norwegian royal family on 10 December each year (the anniversary of Nobel's death). The Peace Prize is the only Nobel Prize not presented in Stockholm.The Nobel laureate receives a diploma, a medal, and a document confirming the prize amount..


Western Christianity - Wikipedia.

Western Christianity is one of two sub-divisions of Christianity (Eastern Christianity being the other). Western Christianity is composed of the Latin Church and Protestantism, together with their offshoots such as the Old Catholic Church, Independent Catholicism and Restorationism.. The large majority of the world's 2.3 billion Christians are Western Christians (about 2 billion - ....


The Story of Philosophy - Wikipedia.

The Story of Philosophy: The Lives and Opinions of the Greater Philosophers is a 1926 book by Will Durant, in which he profiles several prominent Western philosophers and their ideas, beginning with Socrates and Plato and on through Friedrich Nietzsche.Durant attempts to show the interconnection of their ideas and how one philosopher's ideas informed the next..


Western China - Wikipedia.

In the definition of the Chinese government, Western China covers one municipality: Chongqing; six provinces: Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Shaanxi, Gansu, and Qinghai; and three autonomous regions: Tibet, Ningxia, and Xinjiang Administrative divisions. GB ISO No Province Chinese Name Capital Population Density Area ....


Quietism (Christian philosophy) - Wikipedia.

Quietism is the name given (especially in Roman Catholic theology) to a set of beliefs that rose in popularity in France, Italy, and Spain during the late 1670s and 1680s, particularly associated with the writings of the Spanish mystic Miguel de Molinos (and subsequently Francois Malaval and Madame Guyon), and which were condemned as heresy by Pope Innocent XI in the papal bull ....


Classic book - Wikipedia.

A classic is a book accepted as being exemplary or particularly noteworthy. What makes a book "classic" is a concern that has occurred to various authors ranging from Italo Calvino to Mark Twain and the related questions of "Why Read the Classics?" and "What Is a Classic?" have been essayed by authors from different genres and eras (including Calvino, T. S. Eliot, Charles ....


Classical element - Wikipedia.

Classical elements typically refer to water, earth, fire, air, and (later) aether, which were proposed to explain the nature and complexity of all matter in terms of simpler substances. Ancient cultures in Greece, Tibet, and India had similar lists, sometimes referring in local languages to "air" as "wind" and the fifth element as "void".. These different cultures and even individual ....


Philosophy of space and time - Wikipedia.

Philosophy of space and time is the branch of philosophy concerned with the issues surrounding the ontology, epistemology, and character of space and time.While such ideas have been central to philosophy from its inception, the philosophy of space and time was both an inspiration for and a central aspect of early analytic philosophy.The subject focuses on a number of basic issues, ....


Progressivism - Wikipedia.

Progressivism is a way of thinking that holds that it is possible through political action for human societies to improve over time. As a political movement, progressivism purports to advance the human condition through social reform based on advancements in science, technology, economic development and social organization. Adherents to this way of thinking hold that ....


Philosophy - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Philosophy is the study of underlying things. It tries to understand the reasons or basis for things. It also tries to understand how things should be. "Philosophia" is the Ancient Greek word for the "love of wisdom".A person who works in the field of philosophy is called a philosopher.A philosopher is a kind of thinker and researcher.A "philosophy" can also mean a group of ideas ....


Nothing - Wikipedia.

Philosophy Western philosophy. Some would consider the study of "nothing" to be foolish. A typical response of this type is voiced by Giacomo Casanova (1725-1798) in conversation with his landlord, one Dr. Gozzi, who also happens to be a priest: . As everything, for him, was an article of faith, nothing, to his mind, was difficult to understand: the Great Flood had covered the ....


Jacksonian democracy - Wikipedia.

Jacksonian democracy was a 19th-century political philosophy in the United States that expanded suffrage to most white men over the age of 21, and restructured a number of federal institutions. Originating with the seventh U.S. president, Andrew Jackson and his supporters, it became the nation's dominant political worldview for a generation. The term itself was in active ....



Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg (/ ' g u: t ?n b ?:r g /; c. 1400 - 3 February 1468) was a German inventor, printer, publisher, and goldsmith who introduced printing to Europe with his mechanical movable-type printing ....


Morita therapy - Wikipedia.

Morita therapy is an ecological, purpose-centered, response-oriented therapy created through case-based research by Shoma Morita, M.D. (1874-1938). Morita developed his theory of consciousness and medically-grounded four-stage progressive therapeutic method with rigor. The goal of Morita therapy is to have the patient accept life as it is. This does not mean that the ....